Rational Science and Trans-rational God

An underlying theme of this blog is the proposition that consciousness is the fundamental driver of evolution in such things as biology, anthropology, history, and contemporary culture. Larry Horstman describes the theory in his two books Evolution Fact and Fantasy: The Psychogenic Theory and The Origin of Marriage: A Sojourn in Anthropology. Larry and his brother, Lee, are co-authors of The Lotka Hypothesis, Book I, Elements of Consciousness. See “Book Reviews” above.

Below are separate essays by the two authors which discuss the meaning of “irrationality,” “reason,” “logical systems,” and the expression “God” from the religious traditions. The term “trans-rational” could be used to bridge the meaning of “consciousness” and “God.”

Consciousness as the Ultimate Prime Mover

Interestingly, the idea that consciousness as the ultimate prime mover is also the fundamental proposition in the philosophy of the American philosopher and mathematician Franklin Merrell-Wolff. See the website: www.merrell-wolff.org

“Proving” the hypothesis amounts to a revolution in science. It is a revolution because “proof” requires expanding traditional science to include the subject, like never before. Continue reading


Is Science Irrational about God?

A casual conversation with Larry Horstman

Question to Larry: Why is science so resistant to the study of consciousness broadly considered, not to mention transcendental consciousness, aka God? Larry, on page 35 of The Lotka Hypothesis you say, “…the science of today supplies no explanation for or guidance concerning the things that matter most to us—our passions, hopes, dreams, desires, ideals, or criteria for daily decisions.” Should not science be curious about metaphysical things? Mathematics is purely a priori and yet it is an essential tool in science. Is it an element of irrationality in rational science to ignore the things that matter most to us?

Off-the-cuff, email, reply: The usual popular meaning of “irrational”, as in “irrational exuberance” (Greenspan), means not guided by reason. But my studies have led me to the conviction that underlying all behavior and attitudes are logical systems, in a special sense subdivided below.

Axioms and Logical Systems

Now, the usual meaning of a “logical system” has as its archetype classical Euclidean geometry, consisting at root of a set of axioms from which are deduced all sorts of theorems. They are indubitably true, given the axioms. Of course, we now know that if you alter the axioms, you get a different logical system, e.g., if you alter the parallel axiom of Euclid (that parallel lines never meet) you get new and different logical systems.

Further investigation in many areas has led me to the conviction that not only all of the classical western philosophies are also logical systems, but so are religions. In other words, all religions are philosophies in the sense that they are predicated on a few axioms (God is this or that …) from which follow the entire structure resting upon them. Continue reading

The Lawrence L. Horstman Synthesis

Isaac Newton “united the heavens and the earth” by showing that gravity acts not only here on earth, but throughout the cosmos. His three laws are deceptively simple. No layman would ever imagine that they constitute the foundation of the edifice of modern physical science and technology.

Role of the Mind in the Cosmos

However, there was something missing from Newton’s great synthesis, namely, the role of the mind in the fabric of the cosmos. He did not recognize that as a defect in his system, for he was a devout Christian, taking for granted that the mind — a.k.a. the human soul — was a unique gift to humanity from God almighty. Nowadays, however, we recognize that humans are very similar to other animals, and that they, too, must have mental qualities such as motives, desires, sensations, and so forth. So the question is how did minds arise? And why? This is obviously an important question, for the very essence of our lives is mental.

Horstman’s synthesis is similar in scope and in revolutionary implications: he has “united the animate with the inanimate.” Like Newton’s laws, Horstman’s principles are very simple, and yet, after the initial flash of inspiration, it took him decades to work out the details of reconciling the workings of the mind to the laws of physics. Like any difficult math problem or puzzle, the answer always looks simple — after you see how it’s done! Continue reading

The Psychogenic Theory

The psychogenic theory is complementary to the central pillar of biology, the theory of evolution. It acknowledges that evolution exists, but that consciousness—things of the mind, will, desire, passions—are the fundamental drivers of evolution. Just as Isaac Newton is said to have united the heavens and the earth with laws of gravity, so it could be said the Horstman synthesis unites the animate with the inanimate.

Inspired by the works of Alfred J. Lotka, a founder of mathematical ecology, the Horstman synthesis holds that consciousness is the essence of the entire cosmos, and is the source and cause of all things.

Foundational principles are laid out in Horstman’s book The Lotka Hypothesis. Book II in the series, Evolution Fact & Fantasy: The Psychogenic Theory of Evolution applies those principles to the “real-world” problem of biology. In his third book, The Origin of Matrimony, Horstman presents the first and only credible theory for the origin of marrying, and with it, the essence of human culture. He calls the cultural achievement of matrimony “an intellectual triumph in socio-political engineering.”

Yet to come is another earth-shaker, a complete solution to the origin and structure of human language. This great mystery has defeated all efforts at understanding for at least the last three centuries, but is a mystery no more. This book reveals not only the origin and structure of human language, but of the incredible workings of the mind as well.

The Lotka Hypothesis

Medical researcher Lawrence L. Horstman has much to say about the role of subjectivity and intuition in his book The Lotka Hypothesis, Book I, Elements of Consciousness.

Lotka’s hypothesis: “…behind all so-called laws of nature lies will. That is to say, the laws of nature are ultimately psychological, not only in the biosphere but also in the entire cosmos. The pursuit of that theme leads to complete resolution of the problem of consciousness while remaining consistent with all the hard-won facts and principles of established science.

“…consciousness inheres in all things and underlies their properties. From this perspective, the observed laws of physics are but objective manifestations of willfulness…the testimony of personal experience is more compelling than the outmoded logic of 19th-century objectivism.” (The Lotka Hypothesis, p. 115)

“The Challenge. The essence of Lotka’s hypothesis stated here is simple and clear, but as with Newton’s F = ma or Euclid’s axioms, the consequences and applications are neither simple nor obvious. It remains to erect upon this germ of a foundation a sufficiently persuasive alternative system, consistent with all established knowledge, to topple and supplant the existing failed system—a challenge comparable to toppling Aristotelianism.

A Call for Agile Young Minds

“No pretense is made that Lotka or his intellectual confederates…much less this writer’s effort at added support, comprise a complete solution. Our hope is only to make it sufficiently credible to inspire younger, more agile minds to take up Lotka’s torch.”